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Photo by Ginnastica Artistica Italiana
At the 2017 World championships, which was held in Montreal last October, eight skills were submitted by seven gymnasts.

Five of the eight skills were successfully performed hence were added to the CoP, most of which were on the uneven bars.

Gymnast: Nina Derwael/Georgia Mae Fenton
Country: Belgium/Great Britain
Skill Stalder backward with counter straddle reverse hecht over HB with ½ (180°) turn to hang in mixed L-grip 
Rating: F



Gymnast: Tabea Alt
Country: Germany
Skill Stoop through on HB, dislocate and release with half (180°) turn in flight between the bars to catch LB in hang  
Rating: C

Gymnast: Tabea Alt
Country: Germany
Skill Clear Straddle underswing with forward tuck salto with ½ (180°) turn

Rating: C

Gymnast: Fan Yilin
Country: China
Skill From L-grip, Swing bwd, ½ (180°) turn, to double salto bwd tucked

Rating: D

Gymnast: Aiko Sugihara
Country: Japan
Skill 2/1 (720°) turn with free leg held upwardin 180° split position throughout the turn

Rating: E

GIF by 
*Note: Sugihara successfully competed the skill in the all around competition but no footage of it was available.

Brasil's Rebecca Andrade submitted her full and half twisting double back tuck on floor (G) but had to withdraw from the competition after tearing her ACL.

Sugihara submitted a two and half Y turn on beam but did not compete it.

Dutch Sanne Wevers submitted a two and half turn with leg below horizontal (E) but also did not compete it.

In 2017, gymnasts had to successfully submit and perform their skills at the World championships in order to have it named after them. However, starting from next February, gymnasts will be able to get their skills named after them at any of the FIG official competitions.

According to the current rules, if more than one gymnast competed the original skill, it will be added to the CoP bearing no name. Nevertheless, the Ricna half was named after both gymnasts, Nina and Georgia. 

By next February, if more than one gymnast competed the same skill, it will be named after all of them.

Written by Gigi Farid.

Silvia Vatteroni

During Szombathely Challenge Cup which was held this month, Romanian gymnast Catalina Ponor was judged very harshly on balance beam. 

The recent European beam champion went for a 6.5 routine and judges awarded her with only 5.6. They downgraded her ring skills and did not credit her with several of her acro dance connections.

An overwhelming amount of people called the judging harsh and unrealistic.

Little do they know that things will get even more complicated starting from October.

So in case you did not see our previous article where we explained why Ponor had her routine severely downgraded, you need to check it out before scrolling down.

Rules before October:

Rules after October

Ponor had her split ring jump downgraded from a D to a C as per before October rules.

D acro to D dance is worth 0.2 connection bonus, while D acro to C/B dance is worth 0.1. Since the split ring jump, which was downgraded to a C, was connected to Onodi - Ponor received  0.1 bonus.

ِAs per post October rule, her split ring jump (D) will be credited as a regular split jump (B). In this case, the connection bonus would be the same (0.1).

However, Ponor performed later in the routine split jump after her front aerial 

and the rule states that gymnasts cannot perform the same element for series or connection bonus.

So if she was credited with the connection bonus of both Onodi to split ring jump and front aerial to split jump in the before October rule, she would only be credited for one connection in the post October one.

Ponor's E rated switch ring leap was downgraded to a D. As per post October rule, her switch ring will be credited as a switch leap (C), which was already included in the routine. Gymnasts cannot get credited twice for the same element.

Both the switch ring and switch leap were among the top counted dance elements for the Romanian gymnast.

Top three dance elements in her intended routine: Split ring jump (D) - Switch ring leap (E) - Switch leap (C) = 1.2

Top three dance elements in the routine that is judged according to before October rule: Split ring jump (B) - Switch ring leap (D) - Switch leap (C) = 0.9

Top three dance elements in the routine that is judged according to post October rule: Split jump (B) - Switch leap (C) - Full turn (A) = 0.6

Hence if her routine was judged in accordance to the post October rule, she would have either received a 5.0 D score or a 4.9 one.

What do you think?

Written by Gigi Farid

Photo by Jeni Hull

While participating at the 2017 Szombathely Challenge Cup, Romania's Catalina Ponor had her beam routine severely downgraded by the D score judges.

Ponor intended for a 6.5 routine but received a 5.6 in the difficulty panel. 

In this post, we have done our best to break down the intended D score and what might the judges have credited or not have credited.

Her is intended routine:

Back layout to two feet mount, F.

Back handspring (B) to LOSO (C) To LOSO (C), 0.1 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Switch leap (C) to Kochetkova (D) to Stretched jump 1/1 (C), 0.2 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Onodi (D) to split ring jump (D), 0.2 connection bonus.

Switch ring leap (E).

Forward aerial (D) to Split jump (B) to Omelianchik (D), 0.2 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Wolf jump (A) to Sissone (A).

Full turn (A).

Double back pike (E).

Acros: Layout to two feet (F) - Onodi (D) - Forward aerial (D) - Kochetkova (D) - Double back pike (E) = 2.3

Dance: Split ring jump (D) - Switch ring leap (E) - Switch leap (C) = 1.2

Connection and series bonus: 1

Composition requirements: 2

Total: 6.5

What might have gone in judges minds:

*She lost all connection on her first acro dance series 

Because: There is additional arm swing between the switch leap to Kochetkova,

(the CoP states that no connection value will be added if there is an additional arm swing)

And because she landed her stretched jump 1/1 midways 

There is no such a thing called stretch jump with half turn, so the skill and its connection to Kochetkova were deemed invalid. 

So here she loses the 0.1 connection between switch leap to Kochetkova, the 0.1 connection between the Kochetkova and stretch jump 1/1 and the 0.1 series bonus of switch leap to Kochetkova to stretch jump 1/1. 

[6.5-0.3 = 6.2]

*Her split ring jump was not rightfully executed.

The code states if the back foot is below the shoulders, the split ring jump (D) gets downgraded to (C), hence, the connection bonus goes down from 0.2 to 0.1.


*Her back foot was below the shoulders on her switch ring leap (E), hence the value of the skill was downgraded to a D. 


*She loses the 0.1 connection between split jump and Omelianchik

due to additional arm swing

hence also loses the 0.1 series bonus.


So that leaves us with 5.7 score while the actual credited D score is 5.6. Three theories, it could be; the judges did not credit the 0.1 connection between the front aerial and split jump 

or the onodi and split jump for the additional arm swing thing.

or downgraded her F rated layout mount to E rated back pike.

Harsh, isn't it?

Written by Gigi Farid

Photo by Silvia Vatteroni

Three elements were submitted and successfully performed in 2016. Gymnasts need to submit and compete their skill at Olympics, Worlds or Youth Olympic Games in order to have it named after them. However, that year FIG made an exception and accepted to add a skill and have it named after a gymnast at the Test Event.

Gymnast: Dora Vulcan
Country: Romania 
Skill Split jump with 1/2 turn to the ring
Rating: C

Gymnast: Marisa Dick 
Country: Trinidad and Tobago
Skill Mount change leg leap to free cross split with half turn- diagonal approach to beam 
Rating: - (we could not find the rating of this skill, however the version of the skill without half turn is rated a C hence this might have received a D rating)

Gymnast: Houry Gebeshian
Country: Armenia 
Skill Hecht jump (legs together) with hand repulsion and 1/1 turn (360°) over LB to hang on HB
Rating: D

See skills added to the CoP in 2013, 2014 and 2015

By Gigi Farid

Photo by Silvia Vatteroni

This is our third understanding the 2017-2020 CoP article where we will explain the changes on floor exercise. If you missed out on our first two articles, you can click here for our first article which was on balance beam and here for our second one which was on uneven bars.

Before we explain to you the specific changes on floor exercise. We'd like to mention these two very important new rules.

Please note that these rules are a general one not on a certain event. However, we chose to mention it here since floor exercise will be the only apparatus to be affected by it.

First: The FIG has put a maximum number of turns:

for turns with leg below horizontal, the maximum number is four

any other turns with different leg positions, the maximum number is three (Like: Y turns, L turns, wolf turns)

Split/straddle leaps and jumps, the maximum number of turns is one and a half

Complex leaps, the maximum number of turns is one

If a gymnast competed a quintuple turn, the judges will consider it quadruple. Personally, I don't like this, the sky should always be the limit. The FIG does not like having gymnasts build up their difficulty score by doing dance skills. But the difficulty of dance elements is already capped at an E, hence, it doesn't make any sense for them to put a limit to it. The only reason for gymnasts to compete more difficult turns is to have it named after them, thanks to the FIG that would not be happening. 

Second: Gymnasts can a connect a turn to the same exact one and be awarded for double difficulty (leg below horizontal are excluded). For example: a double Y turn to a double Y turn.

Just like uneven bars and balance beam, the composition requirements is down by one which means gymnasts are not required to do a D or more rated dismount (last tumbling pass)

The changes made specifically on floor exercise:

One of the four composition requirements has been modified: gymnasts should do backward and forward/sideward salto (NO AERIALS) in an acro line.  So what does that mean exactly?

Gymnasts are required to do backward salto, like for example full in tuck:

and forward salto, like:

In past the quads, gymnasts who had difficulty in competing forward tumbling, included a simple forward aerial or a side somi in their floor routines to fulfill the requirement of doing a forward/sideward salto. 

However, the FIG is fed up with this and wants gymnast to include the forward salto in a tumbling pass, like:

The deduction of standing on two feet in the corner more than once is gone.

The switch leaps half 

is considered the same skill as Johnson 1/2 

which means that a gymnast cannot include those two skills in her routine and expect to receive difficulty value for each. The same goes with switch leap 1/1 and Johnson 1/1.

You can click here for more.

Arabian double salto stretched has been upgraded from a G to an H. 

 Written by Gigi Farid