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In 2019, a total of seven skills were added to the Code of Points. Six of which were named after their creators while the remaining one was added to the Code only without bearing the name of the gymnast who performed it due to its difficulty being lower than C.

Photo by Claudia AnaMaria Oprea

Handspring forward on, stretched salto forward with 2/1

Gymnast: Yeo Seojeong of South Korea
Apparatus: Vault
Difficulty rating: 6.2

From high bar, clear straddle circle with salto

Gymnast: Emelie Petz of Germany
Apparatus: Uneven bars
Difficulty rating: D

Double salto backward tucked with 2/1 twist

Gymnast: Simone Biles of USA
Apparatus: Balance beam

Difficulty rating: H

Double salto backward tucked with 3/1 twist 

Gymnast: Simone Biles of USA
Apparatus: Floor exercise

Difficulty rating: J

Salto Forward stretched with 3/1 twist 

Gymnast: Andrea Maldonado of Portugal
Apparatus: Floor exercise

Difficulty rating: F

Split leap to ring position with 1/2 turn

Gymnast: Ting Hua-Tien of Taiwan
Apparatus: Floor exercise
Difficulty rating: D

1/1 turn (360°) in scale FWD with free leg above horizontal throughout turn

Gymnast: Laney Madsen of Bulgaria
Apparatus: Floor exercise

Difficulty rating: B

By Gigi Farid

Photo by Ginnastica Artistica Italiana
At the 2017 World championships, which was held in Montreal last October, eight skills were submitted by seven gymnasts.

Five of the eight skills were successfully performed hence were added to the CoP, most of which were on the uneven bars.

Gymnast: Nina Derwael/Georgia Mae Fenton
Country: Belgium/Great Britain
Skill Stalder backward with counter straddle reverse hecht over HB with ½ (180°) turn to hang in mixed L-grip 
Rating: F



Gymnast: Tabea Alt
Country: Germany
Skill Stoop through on HB, dislocate and release with half (180°) turn in flight between the bars to catch LB in hang  
Rating: C

Gymnast: Tabea Alt
Country: Germany
Skill Clear Straddle underswing with forward tuck salto with ½ (180°) turn

Rating: C

Gymnast: Fan Yilin
Country: China
Skill From L-grip, Swing bwd, ½ (180°) turn, to double salto bwd tucked

Rating: D

Gymnast: Aiko Sugihara
Country: Japan
Skill 2/1 (720°) turn with free leg held upwardin 180° split position throughout the turn

Rating: E

GIF by 
*Note: Sugihara successfully competed the skill in the all around competition but no footage of it was available.

Brasil's Rebecca Andrade submitted her full and half twisting double back tuck on floor (G) but had to withdraw from the competition after tearing her ACL.

Sugihara submitted a two and half Y turn on beam but did not compete it.

Dutch Sanne Wevers submitted a two and half turn with leg below horizontal (E) but also did not compete it.

In 2017, gymnasts had to successfully submit and perform their skills at the World championships in order to have it named after them. However, starting from next February, gymnasts will be able to get their skills named after them at any of the FIG official competitions.

According to the current rules, if more than one gymnast competed the original skill, it will be added to the CoP bearing no name. Nevertheless, the Ricna half was named after both gymnasts, Nina and Georgia. 

By next February, if more than one gymnast competed the same skill, it will be named after all of them.

Written by Gigi Farid.

Silvia Vatteroni

During Szombathely Challenge Cup which was held this month, Romanian gymnast Catalina Ponor was judged very harshly on balance beam. 

The recent European beam champion went for a 6.5 routine and judges awarded her with only 5.6. They downgraded her ring skills and did not credit her with several of her acro dance connections.

An overwhelming amount of people called the judging harsh and unrealistic.

Little do they know that things will get even more complicated starting from October.

So in case you did not see our previous article where we explained why Ponor had her routine severely downgraded, you need to check it out before scrolling down.

Rules before October:

Rules after October

Ponor had her split ring jump downgraded from a D to a C as per before October rules.

D acro to D dance is worth 0.2 connection bonus, while D acro to C/B dance is worth 0.1. Since the split ring jump, which was downgraded to a C, was connected to Onodi - Ponor received  0.1 bonus.

ِAs per post October rule, her split ring jump (D) will be credited as a regular split jump (B). In this case, the connection bonus would be the same (0.1).

However, Ponor performed later in the routine split jump after her front aerial 

and the rule states that gymnasts cannot perform the same element for series or connection bonus.

So if she was credited with the connection bonus of both Onodi to split ring jump and front aerial to split jump in the before October rule, she would only be credited for one connection in the post October one.

Ponor's E rated switch ring leap was downgraded to a D. As per post October rule, her switch ring will be credited as a switch leap (C), which was already included in the routine. Gymnasts cannot get credited twice for the same element.

Both the switch ring and switch leap were among the top counted dance elements for the Romanian gymnast.

Top three dance elements in her intended routine: Split ring jump (D) - Switch ring leap (E) - Switch leap (C) = 1.2

Top three dance elements in the routine that is judged according to before October rule: Split ring jump (B) - Switch ring leap (D) - Switch leap (C) = 0.9

Top three dance elements in the routine that is judged according to post October rule: Split jump (B) - Switch leap (C) - Full turn (A) = 0.6

Hence if her routine was judged in accordance to the post October rule, she would have either received a 5.0 D score or a 4.9 one.

What do you think?

Written by Gigi Farid

Photo by Jeni Hull

While participating at the 2017 Szombathely Challenge Cup, Romania's Catalina Ponor had her beam routine severely downgraded by the D score judges.

Ponor intended for a 6.5 routine but received a 5.6 in the difficulty panel. 

In this post, we have done our best to break down the intended D score and what might the judges have credited or not have credited.

Her is intended routine:

Back layout to two feet mount, F.

Back handspring (B) to LOSO (C) To LOSO (C), 0.1 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Switch leap (C) to Kochetkova (D) to Stretched jump 1/1 (C), 0.2 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Onodi (D) to split ring jump (D), 0.2 connection bonus.

Switch ring leap (E).

Forward aerial (D) to Split jump (B) to Omelianchik (D), 0.2 connection bonus - 0.1 series bonus.

Wolf jump (A) to Sissone (A).

Full turn (A).

Double back pike (E).

Acros: Layout to two feet (F) - Onodi (D) - Forward aerial (D) - Kochetkova (D) - Double back pike (E) = 2.3

Dance: Split ring jump (D) - Switch ring leap (E) - Switch leap (C) = 1.2

Connection and series bonus: 1

Composition requirements: 2

Total: 6.5

What might have gone in judges minds:

*She lost all connection on her first acro dance series 

Because: There is additional arm swing between the switch leap to Kochetkova,

(the CoP states that no connection value will be added if there is an additional arm swing)

And because she landed her stretched jump 1/1 midways 

There is no such a thing called stretch jump with half turn, so the skill and its connection to Kochetkova were deemed invalid. 

So here she loses the 0.1 connection between switch leap to Kochetkova, the 0.1 connection between the Kochetkova and stretch jump 1/1 and the 0.1 series bonus of switch leap to Kochetkova to stretch jump 1/1. 

[6.5-0.3 = 6.2]

*Her split ring jump was not rightfully executed.

The code states if the back foot is below the shoulders, the split ring jump (D) gets downgraded to (C), hence, the connection bonus goes down from 0.2 to 0.1.


*Her back foot was below the shoulders on her switch ring leap (E), hence the value of the skill was downgraded to a D. 


*She loses the 0.1 connection between split jump and Omelianchik

due to additional arm swing

hence also loses the 0.1 series bonus.


So that leaves us with 5.7 score while the actual credited D score is 5.6. Three theories, it could be; the judges did not credit the 0.1 connection between the front aerial and split jump 

or the onodi and split jump for the additional arm swing thing.

or downgraded her F rated layout mount to E rated back pike.

Harsh, isn't it?

Written by Gigi Farid